Dental Implants – what are they?
Dental implants are the perfect solution for people who don’t have a tooth. Inserting a dental implant consists of mounting a titanium screw in the upper jawbone when the hole is in the upper part of the mouth, or in the lower jawbone when it is in the lower part. The size of the dental implant depends on the space left by the falling tooth. Once the screw is inserted, an artificial tooth is placed over it.
When inserting a dental implant, the dentist should check the condition of the gums. When you are sure that there is sufficient bone mass to install the dental implant, the dentist will do so. To check if there is enough bone for the implant, your dentist will take an X-ray of your mouth.
Types of dental implants
Dental implants are divided according to their placement. There are two types of implants:
Immediate loading of dental implants:
The advantage is that we do not have to open the gums to insert the implant. Place the dental implant and secure the crown at the same time. To achieve this it is necessary to have a good amount of bone. It is very rare because it is necessary that there are no infections in the area.
Two-phase dental implant
The first step in placing the dental implant is to insert it and integrate it into the bone. After 3-6 months, depending on the area, the abutment and crown are inserted.
Pain and dental implants
One of the biggest fears of people who want a dental implant is whether they will feel pain over time after the surgery or whether they will have the same feeling. The Spanish Society of Periodontology and Osteointegration emphasizes that the protocol for the insertion of dental implants is performed in such a way that the patient does not experience pain.
The surgical procedure for the insertion of dental implants is performed in the dental clinic and the first step is local anesthesia in the region. As a result, the patient does not feel anything after the first puncture.
As for the pain experienced by the patient when the anesthesia disappears, it can be described as a slight discomfort. A person’s pain is influenced by the number of dental implants placed and the area of the mouth where they are placed.
Problems with dental implants
The insertion of dental implants may seem simple, but there may also be several complications. A distinction is made between complications during surgery and post-operative complications.
Pain, swelling, bleeding and bruising can occur in the postoperative phase. Mechanical complications, such as screw fractures or dentures, can also occur. In these cases, the first thing to do is to get in touch with the professional who performed the treatment and follow his advice.
It may also happen that the implant does not fit well into the bone. Aspects such as smoking, diabetes, the quantity and quality of the bone and the ingestion of certain medications will affect this situation. The implant can be moved early in the process. Perimplantitis may occur in the medium to long term. Even if we carry out planned revisions, dental implants cannot be satisfactorily integrated due to poor dental hygiene or biological factors of the patient.